Frederick Douglass in Talbot County

The celebration of the bicentennial of the birth of Frederick Douglass has inspired a desire in Talbot County, Maryland, for deeper understanding of his formative years and the mark he left on this place. In his book My Bondage and My Freedom, Douglass remarks on how important it is to understand where a man is born and raised.

“It is always a fact of some importance to know where a man is born, if, indeed, it be important to know anything about him.”

The “fact of some importance” about Frederick Douglass is his 1818 birth on Tuckahoe Creek in Talbot County (pronounced TALL-but). Born to an enslaved mother who named him Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey, he was part of the sixth generation of Baileys in Talbot County – a lineage that continues today. Of his father, he knew nothing, though he heard rumors that his father was a white man and probably his master.

In Talbot County, young Frederick Bailey endured the slave system’s many cruelties in breaking families and crushing the spirit. Still, he had deep roots here with lifelong family and friendship ties. He escaped from Maryland and claimed his new name in 1838 at age 20. His lifework involved retelling his story; central to his tale are the Talbot County years (1818-1826 and 1833-1836).

Talbot County’s formative influence on Douglass lasted throughout his 77 years. His searing impact on the county began when he told of his bondage, self-emancipation, and transformation from slave to abolitionist orator in his 1845 autobiography, an immediate international bestseller. Using actual names and deeds of Talbot Countians — a first for the slave narrative genre — he made shocking examples of Talbot County citizens, which focused the world’s attention on the American chattel slavery system’s inhumanity, immorality, and unconstitutionality.

Douglass’s effect on Talbot County has been lasting. From slave to fugitive to agitator to local hero, Talbot County formed Douglass and Douglass’s resistance and ideals changed Talbot County. His words continue to inspire his many local descendants and their fellow citizens.

Fast Facts


February 14, 1818


September 3, 1838

Freedom Bought

December 12, 1846


February 20, 1895

Self-Guided Driving Tours

Childhood Driving Tour

Frederick Douglass was born in his grandparents’ cabin on Tuckahoe Creek where he lived for six years.


Douglass walked 12 miles with his grandmother to a Miles River Neck plantation to begin life as a slave boy. He never saw her again.

Struggle & Determination

When his first escape plan was discovered, Douglass was forced to walk 15 miles tied behind a mounted horse to the Talbot County Jail.

Douglass Returns Driving Tour
Douglass Returns

Douglass returned to Easton as a celebrated author and speaker aboard the steamboat Highland Light.

In His Own Words

Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass
My Bondage and My Freedom
Life and Times of Frederick Douglass

Start typing and press Enter to search